Data security

Definition: Measures and techniques to ensure the security of data against loss, misuse, unauthorized access, and manipulation. This focuses on protecting data integrity, availability, and confidentiality.

Key Features:

  • Confidentiality: Protecting data from unauthorized access.

  • Integrity: Protecting data from unwanted changes or damage.

  • Availability: Ensuring data is accessible when needed.

Common Methods:

  • Encryption: Transforming data into code to prevent unauthorized access.

  • Authentication: Verifying the identity of a user or system.

  • Backup: Regularly saving data for recovery in case of loss.

Applications: Anywhere data is stored, transmitted, or processed, including IT systems, networks, and cloud services.